Benchmarking the international compulsory education performance of 65 countries and economies: Findings from PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012

Henry H. Bi. 2018. Benchmarking the international compulsory education performance of 65 countries and economies: Findings from PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012. Benchmarking: An International Journal (1463-5771). 25(1): 98-119. DOI: 10.1108/BIJ-09-2016-0144

23 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2016 Last revised: 26 Apr 2019

See all articles by Henry H. Bi

Henry H. Bi

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management

Date Written: December 2, 2016

Abstract

Purpose: The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) measured 15-year-olds’ performance in mathematics, reading, and science. This paper aims to use the assessment results of PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012 to benchmark the compulsory education performance of 65 countries and economies with emphasis on two benchmarking steps: identifying benchmarks and determining performance gaps.

Design/methodology/approach: We use a multi-criterion and multi-period performance categorization method to identify a group of best performers as benchmarks. Then we use two-sample t-tests to detect against benchmarks whether each country or economy has significant performance gaps on individual performance measures.

Findings: Based on the mean scores of three assessment subjects in PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012, six best performers (Top-6) are identified from 65 participating countries and economies. In comparison with Top-6’s weighted averages, performance gaps are found for most countries and economies on the mean score of each subject, the percentage of top-performing students in all three subjects, and the percentage of lowest-performing students in each subject.

Originality/value: For compulsory education systems around the world, this paper provides an original categorization of performance based on the results of three PISA cycles, and provides new insights for countries and economies to prioritize improvement efforts to increase average performance, pursue excellence, and tackle low performance. For benchmarking applications involving multi-criterion and multi-period data, this paper presents a novel method of using statistical control charts to identify benchmarks and then using two-sample t-tests to determine performance gaps on individual performance measures.

Suggested Citation

Bi, Henry H., Benchmarking the international compulsory education performance of 65 countries and economies: Findings from PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012 (December 2, 2016). Henry H. Bi. 2018. Benchmarking the international compulsory education performance of 65 countries and economies: Findings from PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012. Benchmarking: An International Journal (1463-5771). 25(1): 98-119. DOI: 10.1108/BIJ-09-2016-0144, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2879562

Henry H. Bi (Contact Author)

Willamette University - Atkinson Graduate School of Management ( email )

900 State Street
Salem, OR 97301
United States

HOME PAGE: http://willamette.edu/mba/faculty-research/faculty/bi/index.html

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
29
Abstract Views
266
PlumX Metrics