Does a Good Father Now Have to Be Rich? Intergenerational Income Mobility in Rural India

Posted: 5 Dec 2016 Last revised: 21 Jun 2019

Date Written: October 1, 2017

Abstract

For developing countries, it is difficult to find income mobility studies that rely on datasets linking parents with their children. Most of the available evidence for developing countries, instead, relies on co-resident households and two-sample instrumental variables approach, which are known to suffer from selection and prediction error. The current study rectifies this important omission for rural India, and develops strategies that will be useful for similar research in other developing countries. Using a panel dataset spanning 1994-2012, I find that the intergenerational income persistence for rural India is lower than analogous evidence from other developing countries. However, the between-groups coefficient of 0.74, which is corroborated by repeated cross-sections from the National Sample Survey, indicates that India is progressing towards cross-caste equality, but at a disappointingly slow rate.

Keywords: Intergenerational Mobility, Within Group Mobility, Between Group Mobility, Inequality, Rural India, Caste, Income Mobility

JEL Classification: D31, I20, I30, J62

Suggested Citation

Mohammed, Abdul Raheem Shariq, Does a Good Father Now Have to Be Rich? Intergenerational Income Mobility in Rural India (October 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2879748 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2879748

Abdul Raheem Shariq Mohammed (Contact Author)

University of Arizona - Department of Economics ( email )

McClelland Hall
Tucson, AZ 85721-0108
United States

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