Is the Allocation of Time Gender Sensitive to Food Price Changes? An Investigation of Hours of Work in Uganda

31 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2016

See all articles by Daniela Campus

Daniela Campus

University of Florence

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Dramatic spikes in food prices, like those observed over the last years, represent a real threat to food security in developing countries with severe consequences for many aspects of human life. Price instability can also affect the intra-household allocation of time, thus changing the labour supply of women, who traditionally play the role of 'shock absorbers'. This paper explores the nature of time poverty by examining how changes in the prices of the two major staples consumed, matooke and cassava, have affected the paid and unpaid labour time allocation in Ugandan households. We exploit the panel nature of the Uganda National Household Survey by adopting a Tobit-hybrid model.Our results show that gender differentials in the intra-household allocation of labour actually occur in correspondence with changes in food prices. We find that, overall, women work significantly more, since the additional hours women work in the labour market are not counterbalanced by a relevant reduction in their other labour activities. For men, we do not find any significant effect of price changes on hours of work.

Keywords: food prices, labour supply, gender, Uganda

JEL Classification: J16, J22, J43, Q11

Suggested Citation

Campus, Daniela and Giannelli, Gianna Claudia, Is the Allocation of Time Gender Sensitive to Food Price Changes? An Investigation of Hours of Work in Uganda. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10376. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2879783

Daniela Campus (Contact Author)

University of Florence

Piazza di San Marco, 4
Florence, 50121
Italy

Gianna Claudia Giannelli

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Studi sullo Stato ( email )

Via S. Caterina d'Alessandria 3
Firenze 50129
Italy
+39-055-4622926 (Phone)
+39-055-472102 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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