Living in Limbo: Economic and Social Costs for Refugees

36 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2016 Last revised: 7 Mar 2020

See all articles by Nadiya Ukrayinchuk

Nadiya Ukrayinchuk

University of Lille, LEM

Olena Havrylchyk

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES); Labex ReFi

Date Written: September 24, 2019

Abstract

Our paper tests the hypothesis that living in limbo could have negative consequences for socioeconomic integration of refugees. We define limbo as a protracted time period when asylum seekers are waiting for the decision concerning a permanent refugee status. Relying on the French survey of migrants, the ELIPA, we measure integration by labor market participation, fluency in French, finding new French friends and studying. We instrument limbo with administrative backlog and show that a higher share of the time living in limbo slows down integration, but results differ with respect to gender and educational attainment.While living in limbo slows down most aspect of socio-economic integration for refugees with no degree or high-school degree, refugees with bachelor education do not experience negative effects. Male refugees living in limbo have a much lower likelihood of being employed and studying in France while female refugees make fewer French friends.

Keywords: forced migration, refugees, socio-economic integration

JEL Classification: J15, J18

Suggested Citation

Ukrayinchuk, Nadiya and Havrylchyk, Olena, Living in Limbo: Economic and Social Costs for Refugees (September 24, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2880065 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2880065

Nadiya Ukrayinchuk

University of Lille, LEM ( email )

Lille Cedex, 59020
France

Olena Havrylchyk (Contact Author)

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES) ( email )

106-112 Boulevard de l'hopital
106-112 Boulevard de l'Hôpital
Paris Cedex 13, 75647
France

Labex ReFi ( email )

79 avenue de la République
Paris, 75011
France

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