Identifying the Benefits from Homeownership: A Swedish Experiment
123 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2016 Last revised: 9 Jan 2022
Date Written: December 2016
Homeownership is widely stimulated by policy yet its economic effects are poorly understood. We exploit quasi-random variation in homeownership generated by privatization decisions of municipally-owned buildings, and use granular data on demographics, income, housing, financial wealth, and debt that allow us to construct high-quality measures of spending. Homeownership causes wealth building via house price appreciation, increases consumption, and improves consumption smoothing across time and states of the world through a collateral effect. It increases mobility for young households, who move up the property ladder, and amplifies wealth accumulation for older households, who take more risk in their financial portfolio.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation