Import Competition and Internal Migration

67 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2016 Last revised: 24 Oct 2017

See all articles by Andrew Greenland

Andrew Greenland

Elon University - Department of Economics

John Lopresti

College of William and Mary - Department of Economics

Peter McHenry

William & Mary; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

We examine the U.S. internal migration response to increased import competition following the granting of Permanent Normal Trade Relations to China in 2001. Using a variety of data sets and empirical approaches, we find that local labor markets most exposed to the policy change experienced a relative reduction in population growth over the following decade. The majority of the effect occurs at a lag of 7 to 10 years, and is most pronounced among young individuals and low education groups. Such population adjustments should influence the interpretation of evidence in the growing literature on the effects of import competition on local labor markets.

Keywords: Local Labor Markets, Import Exposure, Migration, Migratory Trends

JEL Classification: F16, R23

Suggested Citation

Greenland, Andrew and Lopresti, John and McHenry, Peter, Import Competition and Internal Migration (October 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2880515 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2880515

Andrew Greenland (Contact Author)

Elon University - Department of Economics ( email )

Elon, NC 27244
United States

John Lopresti

College of William and Mary - Department of Economics ( email )

100 Ukrop Way
Morton Hall
Williamsburg, VA 23185
United States

HOME PAGE: http://wmpeople.wm.edu/site/page/jwlopresti/home

Peter McHenry

William & Mary ( email )

PO Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23187
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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