Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: Comparing the United States and the EU Countries

Handbook of Comparative Human Resource Management, Edited by Elaine Farndale, Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer (Eds.), Revised Second Edition, 2017

31 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2016

See all articles by Lonnie Golden

Lonnie Golden

Pennsylvania State University - Abington College; Economic Policy Institute; Project for Middle Class Renewal

Heejung Chung

University of Kent

Stephen Sweet

Ithaca College

Date Written: July 2016

Abstract

This chapter focuses on flexible working time arrangements and presents flexible work schedule practices as they vary among individuals, organisations and nations, explaining reasons for observed variations. It highlights the need to focus on specific types of flexible work options; distinctions between availability, access, and use; as well as formal and informal use practices. We show that, depending on the metric used, flexibility can be seen as widely available, or as seriously constrained or limited. If structured as employee-centred, flexible work arrangements can improve work-family harmonisation. Creating contexts with flexible work options that can enhance employee well-being requires attention at the organisational level, with cultural contexts that support both formal and informal implementation, as well as national level policies that regulate the terms under which work hours can be, and should be, open to adjustment by employees.

Keywords: Flexible Work Schedules; Flexible work arrangements; right to request; variable work hours; labor flexbility

JEL Classification: J22; J28; J81; J83

Suggested Citation

Golden, Lonnie and Chung, Heejung and Sweet, Stephen, Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: Comparing the United States and the EU Countries (July 2016). Handbook of Comparative Human Resource Management, Edited by Elaine Farndale, Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer (Eds.), Revised Second Edition, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2881679

Lonnie Golden (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University - Abington College ( email )

1600 Woodland Rd.
Abington, PA 19001
United States
215-881-7596 (Phone)
215-881-7333 (Fax)

Economic Policy Institute ( email )

1660 L Street NW, Suite 1200
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Project for Middle Class Renewal ( email )

1408 W. Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61801
United States

Heejung Chung

University of Kent ( email )

Giles Lane
Canterbury, 01227 7640
United Kingdom

Stephen Sweet

Ithaca College ( email )

107 Muller Faculty Center
Ithaca, NY 14850
United States

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