Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: Comparing the United States and the EU Countries
Handbook of Comparative Human Resource Management, Edited by Elaine Farndale, Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer (Eds.), Revised Second Edition, 2017
31 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2016
Date Written: July 2016
This chapter focuses on flexible working time arrangements and presents flexible work schedule practices as they vary among individuals, organisations and nations, explaining reasons for observed variations. It highlights the need to focus on specific types of flexible work options; distinctions between availability, access, and use; as well as formal and informal use practices. We show that, depending on the metric used, flexibility can be seen as widely available, or as seriously constrained or limited. If structured as employee-centred, flexible work arrangements can improve work-family harmonisation. Creating contexts with flexible work options that can enhance employee well-being requires attention at the organisational level, with cultural contexts that support both formal and informal implementation, as well as national level policies that regulate the terms under which work hours can be, and should be, open to adjustment by employees.
Keywords: Flexible Work Schedules; Flexible work arrangements; right to request; variable work hours; labor flexbility
JEL Classification: J22; J28; J81; J83
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation