The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour

38 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2016

See all articles by Gabriella Conti

Gabriella Conti

University College London

James J. Heckman

University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Rodrigo R. Pinto

University of Chicago - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2016

Abstract

This article examines the long‐term impacts on health and healthy behaviour of two of the oldest and most widely cited US early childhood interventions evaluated by the method of randomisation with long‐term follow‐up: the Perry Preschool Project (PPP) and the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). There are pronounced gender effects strongly favouring boys, although there are also effects for girls. Dynamic mediation analyses show a significant role played by improved childhood traits, above and beyond the effects of experimentally enhanced adult socioeconomic status. These results show the potential of early life interventions for promoting health.

Suggested Citation

Conti, Gabriella and Heckman, James J. and Pinto, Rodrigo R., The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviour (October 2016). Feature Issue, Vol. 126, Issue 596, pp. F28-F65, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2882269 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12420

Gabriella Conti (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

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James J. Heckman

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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American Bar Foundation

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Germany

Rodrigo R. Pinto

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 East 59th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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