Testing Shock Transmission Channels to Low-Income Developing Countries
28 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2016
Date Written: May 2016
The paper examines the transmission of business cycle fluctuations and credit conditions from advanced and emerging market economies to Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs), using a global vector autoregressive (GVAR) framework and related countryspecific error correction models. We compile a dataset on bank credit, exports, output, and real effective exchange rate for 24 LIDCs and 16 Advanced and Emerging Markets, accounting for 74 percent of World GDP, from 1990Q1 to 2013Q4. Impulse response analyses show that business cycles in oil- and commodity-exporting, as well as frontier LIDCs are more synchronized with those in emerging market economies. Furthermore, credit conditions in the US seem to have a significant impact on exports and real economic activity in LIDCs, while these variables are basically unresponsive to credit availability in emerging markets or economies in other parts of the world.
Keywords: Business cycles, External shocks, Oil exporting countries, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Low-income developing countries, Spillovers, Vector autoregression, Econometric models, Error analysis, GVAR, Low-Income Countries, Transmission of Shocks
JEL Classification: E30, F40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation