Changing Times for Frontier Markets: A Perspective from Portfolio Investment Flows and Financial Integration
38 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2016
Date Written: August 2016
This paper investigates to what extent low-income developing countries (LIDCs) characterized as frontier markets (FMs) have begun to be subject to capital flows dynamics typically associated with emerging markets (EMs). Using a sample of developing countries covering the period 2000-14, we show that: (i) average annual portfolio flows to FMs as a share of GDP outstripped those to EMs by about 0.6 percentage points of GDP; (ii) during years of heightened stress in global financial markets, portfolio flows to FMs dried up like those to EMs; and that (iii) FMs have become more integrated into international financial markets. Our findings confirm that, in terms of portfolio flows, FMs have become more similar to EMs than to the rest of LIDCs and are therefore more vulnerable to swings in global financial markets conditions. Accordingly, it is important to have in place frameworks to strengthen FMs' resilience to adverse capital flows shocks.
Keywords: Private investments, Low-income developing countries, Foreign direct investment, Capital flows, Economic integration, Time series, Econometric models, Frontier Markets, Portfolio flows, Financial Integration, Balance of Payments Needs.
JEL Classification: E44, F30, G00, O57
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation