EU - North Korean Relations: No Effort without Reason

International Journal of Korean Unification Studies, Seoul: Korea Institute of National Unification, 11/2, 2002, pp. 87-119

33 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2016

Date Written: January 1, 2002

Abstract

The article reviews the achievements in economic and political relations between the EU and the DPRK so far, analyzes the interests of both sides, pinpoints controversial and inconsistent issues and provides an outlook on possible future developments and implications. The European engagement in (North)Korea is quantified by using a comparative perspective based on data on the North Korean activities of South Korea and international organizations, leading to an explanation for the pace and scope of Europe's involvement. In particular, aid and humanitarian assistance, trade and political exchange are analyzed. It becomes obvious - and this is the major finding of the paper - that there is a strong contrast between private European activities, which do not appear to be above average, and state-coordinated and state activities. The latter are remarkably substantial if compared to other countries and the overall European interest in (North)Korea. This contradiction can partially be explained by a dominance of internal over external concerns in current EU policy on one hand and the latter's role in a global tripartite partnership with the USA and Japan on the other.

Keywords: Korean Studies, East Asian Studies, Korea (North and/or South), North Korea (Politics and Society), East Asian Economy, North Korean Economy

Suggested Citation

Frank, Ruediger, EU - North Korean Relations: No Effort without Reason (January 1, 2002). International Journal of Korean Unification Studies, Seoul: Korea Institute of National Unification, 11/2, 2002, pp. 87-119, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2883263

Ruediger Frank (Contact Author)

University of Vienna ( email )

Spitalgasse 2, 2.3
Vienna, Vienna 1090
Austria

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