How Moral Perceptions Influence Intergroup Tolerance: Evidence from Lebanon, Morocco and the United States
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Forthcoming
36 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2016
Date Written: December 11, 2016
Intergroup boundaries are often associated with differences in moral codes. How does the perception of similarity and dissimilarity in moral worldviews influence tolerant relationships between members of different groups? We theorized that the relationship between perceived moral similarity and intergroup tolerance is domain specific. Specifically, we proposed that because people treat autonomy values (e.g., caring for others, being fair) as denoting universal rights and obligations, but binding values (e.g., purity) as denoting rights and obligations that apply preferentially for their own group, perceived similarity on autonomy values should be more relevant than perceived similarity on binding values to intergroup tolerance. Here we describe correlational and experimental evidence to support this prediction from studies carried out in Lebanon (with sectarian groups), in Morocco (with ethnic groups), and in the United States (with ideological groups). Implications for understanding intergroup relations and theories of morality are discussed.
Keywords: Morality, Intergroup Tolerance, Perspective Taking, Political Psychology, Religion
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