Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Do Female Students Benefit?

International Small Business Journal, Vol. 34(8), p. 979-1003, 2016

49 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2016

See all articles by Paul Westhead

Paul Westhead

Durham University

Marina Solesvik

Stord Haugesund University College

Date Written: November 30, 2016

Abstract

This article explores links between entrepreneurship education (EE) participation, alertness and risk-taking skills and the intensity of entrepreneurial intention relating to becoming an entrepreneur. Guided by insights from human capital and socially learned stereotypes theories, we conceptualize and test novel hypotheses that consider the potential moderating effect of gender and participation in EE. Business students participating in EE modules were compared with engineering students excluded from such programmes. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that EE students reported high intensity of intention; however, EE did not generate equal benefits for all students. Women were significantly less likely to report high intensity of intention; however, those citing the alertness skill were more likely to report high intensity of intention than non-EE women students. Both male EE and non-EE students citing the risk perception skill reported higher intention whereas, women EE students citing the risk perception skill reported lower intention.

Keywords: Gender, Education, Alertness, Risk-Taking, Entrepreneurial Intention, Ukraine

JEL Classification: I25, J21, L26

Suggested Citation

Westhead, Paul and Solesvik, Marina, Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Do Female Students Benefit? (November 30, 2016). International Small Business Journal, Vol. 34(8), p. 979-1003, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2884375 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2884375

Paul Westhead

Durham University ( email )

Old Elvet
Mill Hill Lane
Durham, Durham DH1 3HP
United Kingdom

Marina Solesvik (Contact Author)

Stord Haugesund University College ( email )

Skaregaten 103
N-5500, Haugesund, Rogaland N-5414
Norway

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