Identity, Household Work, and Subjective Well-Being among Rural Women in Bangladesh

32 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2016

See all articles by Greg Seymour

Greg Seymour

CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets

Maria Sagrario Floro

American University - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 9, 2016

Abstract

Despite increases in women’s employment, significant gender disparity exists in the time men and women spend on household and care work. Understanding how social expectations govern gender roles and contribute to this disparity is essential for designing policies that effectively promote a more equitable household division of labor. In this study, we examine how a woman’s identity may affect the trade-offs between the time she spends on household and care work and her well-being, using an analytical framework we develop based on the work of Akerlof and Kranton. Analyzing data from rural Bangladesh, we find that longer hours spent on household work are associated with lower levels of subjective well-being among women who disagree with patriarchal notions of gender roles, while the opposite is true for women who agree with patriarchal notions of gender roles. Importantly, this pattern holds only when a woman strongly identifies with patriarchal or egalitarian notions of gender role.

Keywords: Bangladesh, South Asia, Asia, Gender, Women, Time Study, Households, Gender Analysis, Time Use, Well Being

JEL Classification: B54, J22, I31

Suggested Citation

Seymour, Greg and Sagrario Floro, Maria, Identity, Household Work, and Subjective Well-Being among Rural Women in Bangladesh (December 9, 2016). IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 1580. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2884376

Greg Seymour (Contact Author)

CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets ( email )

United States

Maria Sagrario Floro

American University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20016-8029
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
36
Abstract Views
242
PlumX Metrics