Student Intentions to Become Self-Employed: The Ukrainian Context
Solesvik, M. Z., Westhead, P., Kolvereid, L., & Matlay, H. (2012). Student intentions to become self-employed: the Ukrainian context. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19(3), 441-460.
21 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2016
Date Written: April 15, 2012
Purpose – We explore whether an integrated conceptual model (ICM) relating to factors drawn from entrepreneurial event theory (EET) (i.e., perceived desirability and perceived feasibility) and theory of planned behaviour (TPB) (i.e., attitudes toward the behaviour, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control) explains more of the variance relating to the intention to become an entrepreneur than individual EET or TPB models? Design/methodology/approach – Survey information from 192 students from three universities in the Ukraine was hand collected. Structural equation modelling was used to test presented hypotheses.
Findings – Models relating to EET, the TPB and the ICM explained 40%, 55% and 60% of the variance in the entrepreneurial intention dependent variable, respectively. Students reporting higher levels of perceived desirability, perceived feasibility, attitude toward the behaviour (i.e., enterprise) and perceived behavioural control were more likely to report the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. No significant negative interaction effect between perceived desirability and perceived feasibility was detected.
Research limitations/implications – Study does not evaluate the benefits of enterprise modules. Results can be generalized to the Ukraine and comparable transition economy contexts.
Practical implications – The formation of entrepreneurial intentions in more students could be increased if enterprise teaching seeks to nurture higher levels of attitude toward the behaviour (i.e., enterprise), and higher levels of perceived behavioural control.
Keywords: enterprise education, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial event theory, theory of planned behaviour, structural equation modelling
JEL Classification: C83, M13, L26
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation