Student Intentions to Become Self-Employed: The Ukrainian Context

Solesvik, M. Z., Westhead, P., Kolvereid, L., & Matlay, H. (2012). Student intentions to become self-employed: the Ukrainian context. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19(3), 441-460.

21 Pages Posted: 13 Dec 2016

See all articles by Marina Solesvik

Marina Solesvik

Stord Haugesund University College

Paul Westhead

Durham University

Lars Kolvereid

Bodø Graduate School of Business

Harry Matlay

University of Central England at Birmingham

Date Written: April 15, 2012

Abstract

Purpose – We explore whether an integrated conceptual model (ICM) relating to factors drawn from entrepreneurial event theory (EET) (i.e., perceived desirability and perceived feasibility) and theory of planned behaviour (TPB) (i.e., attitudes toward the behaviour, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control) explains more of the variance relating to the intention to become an entrepreneur than individual EET or TPB models? Design/methodology/approach – Survey information from 192 students from three universities in the Ukraine was hand collected. Structural equation modelling was used to test presented hypotheses.

Findings – Models relating to EET, the TPB and the ICM explained 40%, 55% and 60% of the variance in the entrepreneurial intention dependent variable, respectively. Students reporting higher levels of perceived desirability, perceived feasibility, attitude toward the behaviour (i.e., enterprise) and perceived behavioural control were more likely to report the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. No significant negative interaction effect between perceived desirability and perceived feasibility was detected.

Research limitations/implications – Study does not evaluate the benefits of enterprise modules. Results can be generalized to the Ukraine and comparable transition economy contexts.

Practical implications – The formation of entrepreneurial intentions in more students could be increased if enterprise teaching seeks to nurture higher levels of attitude toward the behaviour (i.e., enterprise), and higher levels of perceived behavioural control.

Keywords: enterprise education, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial event theory, theory of planned behaviour, structural equation modelling

JEL Classification: C83, M13, L26

Suggested Citation

Solesvik, Marina and Westhead, Paul and Kolvereid, Lars and Matlay, Harry, Student Intentions to Become Self-Employed: The Ukrainian Context (April 15, 2012). Solesvik, M. Z., Westhead, P., Kolvereid, L., & Matlay, H. (2012). Student intentions to become self-employed: the Ukrainian context. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19(3), 441-460. , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2884391

Marina Solesvik (Contact Author)

Stord Haugesund University College ( email )

Skaregaten 103
N-5500, Haugesund, Rogaland N-5414
Norway

Paul Westhead

Durham University ( email )

Old Elvet
Mill Hill Lane
Durham, Durham DH1 3HP
United Kingdom

Lars Kolvereid

Bodø Graduate School of Business

Norway

Harry Matlay

University of Central England at Birmingham ( email )

Enterprise Research and Development Centre
Business School
Birmingham B42 2SU
United Kingdom
0044 121 331 5202 (Phone)

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