Trade and Agricultural Disease: Import Restrictions in the Wake of the India – Agricultural Products Dispute
29 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2016
Date Written: December 2016
Trade in agricultural products raises sensitivities, particularly when imports originate from a trading partner experiencing an outbreak of some type of agricultural disease. In this article, we explain why despite the negative externalities associated with diseased imports, an importing country is generally not permitted to ban such imports outright under WTO law. Rather, it is allowed to do so only under fairly specific circumstances. We also highlight how the recent India – Agricultural Products ruling contributes to the jurisprudence of two issues concerning the SPS Agreement: the interpretation of international standards, and the relationship between the risk assessment and scientific evidence requirements.
Keywords: WTO, agricultural trade, bird flu, avian influenza, SPS Agreement
JEL Classification: F13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation