Technological Advancement and the Evolving Gender Identities: A Focus on the Level of Female Economic Participation in Sub-Saharan Africa

African Governance and Development Institute WP/16/045

31 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2016

See all articles by Uchenna Efobi

Uchenna Efobi

Covenant University

Belmondo Tanankem

Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development - Department of Analysis and Economic Policies

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Date Written: December 15, 2016

Abstract

This study investigates how technological advancement improves gender identity by means of female economic participation in a panel 48 African countries for the period 1990-2014. Two indicators are used to measure female economic participation, namely, the: female labour force participation and employment rates. Technological advancement is measured with three main indicators, notably: internet penetration, mobile phone penetration and fixed broad band subscriptions. The empirical evidence is based on Ordinary Least Squares, Fixed Effects and System Generalized Method of Moments regressions. The findings show that improvement in technology increases female economic participation with the following consistent order of increasing magnitude: mobile phone penetration; internet penetration and fixed broad band subscriptions. The findings are robust to the control for: countries’ levels in economic development; the use of contemporary technology advancement indicators; internal conflicts and political stability; the level of social globalization and the use of alternative instruments. Policy implications are discussed.

Keywords: Technology; Inclusive development; Africa

JEL Classification: G20; I10; I32; O40; O55

Suggested Citation

Efobi, Uchenna and Tanankem, Belmondo and Asongu, Simplice, Technological Advancement and the Evolving Gender Identities: A Focus on the Level of Female Economic Participation in Sub-Saharan Africa (December 15, 2016). African Governance and Development Institute WP/16/045. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2885739 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2885739

Uchenna Efobi

Covenant University ( email )

P.M.B. 1023
Km 10 Idiroko road
Ota, Ogun State 234
Nigeria
+48036273494 (Phone)

Belmondo Tanankem

Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development - Department of Analysis and Economic Policies ( email )

Cameroon

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

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