Corporate Donations and Shareholder Value

53 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2016

See all articles by Hao Liang

Hao Liang

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business

Luc Renneboog

Tilburg University - Department of Finance; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 1, 2016

Abstract

Do corporate donations enhance shareholder wealth or reflect agency problems? We address this question for a global sample of firms whereby we distinguish between charitable and political donations, as well as between donations in cash and in kind. We find that charitable donations are positively related to financial performance and firm value, which is consistent with the value-enhancement hypothesis. This positive effect on firm value is stronger for cash than in-kind donations. In contrast, political donations do not appear to enhance shareholder value, but rather tend to reflect agency problems, as they are higher for firms with poor internal corporate governance and strong managerial entrenchment. We address endogeneity concerns by using peer firms’ donations as an instrument in a two-stage least squares (2SLS) setting and by conducting a difference-indifference analysis around a general election.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, corporate philanthropy, charitable donations, political donations, corporate foundation, corporate governance, firm value

JEL Classification: G3, I3

Suggested Citation

Liang, Hao and Renneboog, Luc, Corporate Donations and Shareholder Value (December 1, 2016). European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) - Finance Working Paper No. 491/2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2885936 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2885936

Hao Liang (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business ( email )

469 Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 912409
Singapore

HOME PAGE: http://business.smu.edu.sg/faculty/profile/130396/LIANG-Hao

Luc Renneboog

Tilburg University - Department of Finance ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Warandelaan 2
5000 LE Tilburg
Netherlands
+13 31 466 8210 (Phone)
+13 31 466 2875 (Fax)

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Warandelaan 2
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

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