The Formation of the Pentateuch: Bridging the Academic Cultures of Europe, Israel, and North America

Forschungen zum Alten Testament, 2016 by Mohr Siebeck Tubingen, Germany {Please note: this is not complete paper or volume. It provides table of content and sample pages as excerpt only).

82 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2020

See all articles by Bernard M. Levinson

Bernard M. Levinson

University of Minnesota

Jan Gertz

University of Heidelberg

Dalit Rom-Shiloni

Tel Aviv University

Konrad Schmid

University of Zurich

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

The Pentateuch lies at the heart of the Western humanities. Yet despite nearly two centuries of scholarship, its historical origins and its literary history are still a subject of intense discussion. Critical scholarship has isolated multiple layers of tradition, inconsistent laws, and narratives that could only have originated from separate communities within ancient Israel, and were joined together at a relatively late stage by a process of splicing and editing.

Recent developments in academic biblical studies, however, jeopardize the revolutionary progress that has been accomplished over the last two centuries. The past forty years of scholarship have witnessed not simply a proliferation of intellectual models, but the fragmentation of discourse within the three main research centers of Europe, Israel, and North America. Even when they employ the same terminology (redactor, author, source, exegesis), scholars often mean quite different things. Concepts taken for granted by one group of scholars (such as the existence of the Elohist source) are dismissed out of hand by other scholarly communities.

In effect, independent and sometimes competing scholarly discourses have emerged in Europe, Israel, and North America. Each centers on the Pentateuch, each operates with its own set of working assumptions, and each is confident of its own claims. This volume seeks to stimulate international discussion about the Pentateuch in order to help the discipline move toward a set of shared assumptions and a common discourse. With the wide range of perspectives examined, this publication is an invaluable resource for subsequent research.

Keywords: Biblical Law, Pentateuch, Source Criticism, Dead Sea Scrolls, Historical Geography, Allusion, Comparative Semitics; Canonization; Histsory of Israelite Religion; Exegesis; Wellhausen

Suggested Citation

Levinson, Bernard M. and Gertz, Jan and Rom-Shiloni, Dalit and Schmid, Konrad, The Formation of the Pentateuch: Bridging the Academic Cultures of Europe, Israel, and North America (2016). Forschungen zum Alten Testament, 2016 by Mohr Siebeck Tubingen, Germany {Please note: this is not complete paper or volume. It provides table of content and sample pages as excerpt only). , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2886621

Bernard M. Levinson (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota ( email )

245 Nicholson Hall
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Minneapolis, MN 55455-0229
United States
612-625-4323 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://levinson.umn.edu/

Jan Gertz

University of Heidelberg ( email )

Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
Germany

Dalit Rom-Shiloni

Tel Aviv University ( email )

Ramat Aviv
Tel-Aviv, 6997801
Israel

Konrad Schmid

University of Zurich ( email )

Rämistrasse 71
Zürich, CH-8006
Switzerland

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