Bank Lending in the Knowledge Economy
52 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2016 Last revised: 11 Jun 2018
Date Written: June 2, 2018
We study bank portfolio allocations during the transition of the real sector to a knowledge economy in which firms increasingly use intangible assets. We show that higher corporate investment in intangible assets slows down banks' commercial lending. Banks reallocate the resulting lending capacity to other assets, notably mortgages. The findings are consistent with financial intermediation frictions due to lower collateral value of corporate intangible assets. Additional tests rule out alternative explanations such as higher mortgage demand. We estimate that higher corporate intangible assets conservatively explain 25-40% of the decline in bank commercial lending since the mid-1980s.
Keywords: corporate intangible assets, bank lending, commercial loans, real estate loans
JEL Classification: E22, E44, G21
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