Political Regime and Social Spending in Spain: A Time Series Analysis (1850-2000)

UB Economics Working Papers E16/355

28 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2016

Date Written: November 22, 2016


Over the past century and a half, Spain has had a tumultuous political history. What impact has this had on social policy? Democracy has had a positive effect on both the levels of social spending and its long-term growth trend. With the arrival of democracy in 1931, the transition began from a traditional regime (with low levels of social spending) to a modern regime (with high levels of social spending). Franco’s dictatorship, however, reversed this change in direction, retarding the positive growth in social spending. At the same time, the effect of left-wing parties was statistically significant only in the nineteen-thirties (prior to the Keynesian consensus) and in the period of the Bourbon Restoration (when the preferences of low-income groups were systematically ignored).

Keywords: Welfare State, Dictatorship, Democracy, Redistribution, Spain, History of social policy

JEL Classification: I30, H53, N30

Suggested Citation

Espuelas, Sergio, Political Regime and Social Spending in Spain: A Time Series Analysis (1850-2000) (November 22, 2016). UB Economics Working Papers E16/355. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2887269 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2887269

Sergio Espuelas (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona


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