Zero-Tolerance to Corruption? Norway's Role in Petroleum-Related Corruption Internationally
Forthcoming: Philippe Le Billon and Aled Williams: Corruption, Natural Resources and Development: From Resource Curse to Political Ecology. Edw. Elgar 2017.
11 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2016
Date Written: June 30 , 2016
Norway is frequently presented as one of the few countries to have escaped ‘the resource curse’. Evidence for this claim is based on Norway’s consensus in favour of fiscally conservative spending, competent regulatory institutions, a zero-tolerance policy towards corruption, and vast savings in a sovereign wealth fund (SWT) for future generations. Internationally, Norway is known for its aid-financed oil for development program, its advanced technology exports and its emphasis on industry safety and labour rights. Has Norway effectively implemented its ‘zero-tolerance’ policy in its operations abroad as well? To illustrate this crucial issue more clearly, this paper briefly reviews Norway’s commitment to the international anti-bribery agenda, including the performance of petroleum companies, the role of the criminal justice system in enforcing the country’s anti-bribery legislation, and the government’s role as a political player, recipient of tax revenues and shareholder in the petroleum sector.
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