'Surveillance, Stigma, Removal: Indigenous Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice in the Age of Neoliberalism'
Australian Indigenous Law Review, 2015/2016, Vol 19, No 1, pp 32-45.
15 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2016 Last revised: 13 Jul 2018
Date Written: 2015
This article explores the changes in Indigenous child welfare and juvenile justice in the context of neoliberalism. Neoliberalism is associated with a free market economy involving deregulation, government austerity, free trade and privatization. One outcome of this has been the greater concentration of wealth and power. This paper is primarily concerned with the values and ideas that underpin neoliberalism. It is argued that neoliberalism has seen a disavowal of colonialism in understanding both child welfare and juvenile justice and is fundamentally assimilationist when it comes to Indigenous people. Two issues in particular stand out when considering the transformation of child welfare and juvenile justice under neoliberalism. The first is the role of managerialism and the related ascendancy of risk-thinking. The second is the rise of responsibilisation and welfare conditionality and its links with criminalization. Both have led to a growing punitiveness in responses to Indigenous children.
Keywords: Indigenous children, child welfare, juvenile justice, neoliberalism
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