Long-Run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

65 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2016

See all articles by Krzysztof Karbownik

Krzysztof Karbownik

Northwestern University

Anthony Wray

University of Southern Denmark

Date Written: November 24, 2016

Abstract

We utilize the individual-level World War I Draft Registration Cards matched to late-nineteenth century hurricane paths and the 1940 U.S. Census to explore whether fetal and early childhood exposure to stress caused by hurricanes affects human capital development and labor market outcomes in adulthood. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males who were born in the South and experienced a hurricane either in utero or as infants had lower income at ages 42 to 53. They are robust to alternate specifications of either the treatment or outcome variables, as well as changes in the tolerance for imperfectly matched historical data.

Keywords: prenatal stress, natural disasters, labor market outcomes

JEL Classification: I100, J240, Q540

Suggested Citation

Karbownik, Krzysztof and Wray, Anthony, Long-Run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters (November 24, 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6196, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2888284

Krzysztof Karbownik (Contact Author)

Northwestern University ( email )

Anthony Wray

University of Southern Denmark ( email )

DK-5230 Odense
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/anthonywray/home

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