Soviet Film Critics About Soviet Cinema: From Censorship to Gorbachev's Perestroika
Forthcoming, Медиаобразование. Media Education. 2017. № 1
68 Pages Posted: 22 Dec 2016
Date Written: 2016
Moscow publishing house Art began to produce in mid-1960s annual book collection Screen, which was to reflect the most important cinematic events in the USSR and the world. The first collection of this kind - Screen 1964 - was printed edition of 45,500 copies. The circulation of the next two collections were 30-35 thousand copies. From 1968 to 1985 the Screens were annually with a circulation of 50 thousand copies. Screen 1987 circulation has been increased to 75 thousand, but the rest of the collection issues have returned to the circulation of 50 thousand copies. Each book is illustrated with black-and-white frames of the movies and photos masters of the screen.
Yearbooks Screen became a mirror of the Soviet criticism of the 1960s-1980s, reflecting all ups and downs, forced to default figures, ideological passages, thaw and perestroika hope... From the time of the first to last annual output has been a quarter century. Soviet film criticism changed significantly.
The main materials for this article was articles of Soviet film critics about Soviet cinema in Screen yearbooks. The methods of theoretical research: classification, comparison, analogy, induction and deduction, abstraction and concretization, theoretical analysis and synthesis; methods of empirical research: collecting information related to the research subjects.
Keywords: film critic, film studies, Soviet, USSR, film, movies, cinema, censorship
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