Spectral Characterization of the Non-Independent Increment Family of Alpha-Stable Processes that Generalize Gaussian Process Models.
37 Pages Posted: 4 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 2, 2017
The characterization of spatial or temporal processes by a family of sufficient functions such as via a unique spectral representation and a mean function forms the basis of a large number of statistical modelling approaches. For instance, in Gaussian process regression modelling, the mean and covariance function specify uniquely the properties of the resulting statistical model. One can therefore parameterize such regression models and understand their structure and attributes generally via a specification of the covariance kernel. In this paper we generalize significantly the class of available spatial and temporal processes that may be used in statistical applications like regressions to allow for non-stationarity and heavy-tailedness. Importantly, we are able to demonstrate for the first time how to achieve this through a novel formulation no longer requiring independence of the increments in the stochastic construction of the process and statistical model.
Furthermore, we achieve this in a manner akin to the covariance kernel specification in a Gaussian process model, we develop a novel covariation spectral representation of some non-stationary and non-indepenent increments symmetric Alpha-stable processes (SalphaS). Such a representation is based on a weaker covariation pseudo additivity condition which is more general than the condition of independence and should allow a very wide class of statistical regression models to be subsequently developed. We present a general framework for sufficient conditions to characterize such processes and develop general constructive approaches to building models satisfying these conditions.
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