How Does the Implementation of Enterprise Information Systems Affect a Professional’s Mobility? An Empirical Study
Forthcoming at Information Systems Research
55 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2017 Last revised: 30 Aug 2018
Date Written: January 3, 2017
Although significant research has examined the effect of enterprise information systems on the behavior and careers of employees, the majority of this work has been devoted to the study of blue and grey collar workers, with little attention paid to the transformative effect IT may have on high status professionals. In this paper, we begin to bridge this gap by examining how highly skilled professionals react to the increasing presence of enterprise systems within their organizations. Specifically, we investigate how the implementation of enterprise systems— in the form of electronic health records (EHR)—affects the decision of physicians to continue practicing at their current hospital. Results suggest that when enterprise systems create complementarities for professionals, their duration of practice at the organization increases significantly. However, when technologies are disruptive and force professionals to alter their routines, there is a pronounced exodus from the organization. Interestingly, these effects are strongly moderated by individual and organizational characteristics, such as the degree of firm specific human capital, local competition, and the prevalence of past disruptions, but are not associated with accelerated retirement or the strategic poaching of talent by competing organizations.
Keywords: Professional Mobility, Physicians, Enterprise Systems, Technology Adoption, Electronic Health Records, Logit Hazard Model
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