Overcoming Institutional Voids: A Reputation-Based View of Long Run Survival
Strategic Management Journal (Forthcoming)
49 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2017 Last revised: 4 Feb 2017
Date Written: January 5, 2017
Emerging markets are characterized by underdeveloped institutions and frequent environmental shifts. Yet they also contain many firms that have survived over generations. How are firms in weak institutional environments able to persist over time? Motivated by 69 interviews with leaders of emerging market firms with histories spanning generations, we combine induction and deduction to propose reputation as a meta-resource that allows firms to activate their conventional resources. We conceptualize reputation as consisting of prominence, perceived quality, and resilience, and develop a process model that illustrates the mechanisms that allow reputation to facilitate survival in ways that persist over time. Building on research in strategy and business history, we thus shed light on an underappreciated strategic construct (reputation) in an under-theorized setting (emerging markets) over an unusual period (the historical long run).
Keywords: Emerging Markets, Institutional Voids, Reputation, Business History, Intangible Resources
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