The Evolution of Social Mobility: Norway During the Twentieth Century

29 Pages Posted: 7 Jan 2017 Last revised: 19 Apr 2019

See all articles by Tuomas Pekkarinen

Tuomas Pekkarinen

Aalto University; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); VATT Institute for Economic Research

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Matti Sarvimäki

Aalto University - Department of Economics; Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research

Date Written: January 2017

Abstract

We document trends in social mobility in Norway using intergenerational income elasticities, the associations between the income percentiles of fathers and sons, and brother correlations. The results of all approaches suggest that social mobility increased substantially between cohorts born in the early 1930s and the early 1940s. Father–son associations remained stable for cohorts born after World War II, while brother correlations continued to decline. The relationship between father and son income percentile ranks is highly non‐linear for early cohorts, but it approaches linearity over time. We discuss increasing educational attainment among low‐ and middle‐income families as a possible mechanism underlying these trends.

Keywords: Intergenerational mobility

JEL Classification: D31, J31, J62

Suggested Citation

Pekkarinen, Tuomas and Salvanes, Kjell G. and Sarvimäki, Matti, The Evolution of Social Mobility: Norway During the Twentieth Century (January 2017). The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 119, Issue 1, pp. 5-33, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2894671 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjoe.12205

Tuomas Pekkarinen (Contact Author)

Aalto University ( email )

P.O. Box 21210
Helsinki, 00101
Finland

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

VATT Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47 5 595 9315 (Phone)
+47 5 595 9543 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Matti Sarvimäki

Aalto University - Department of Economics ( email )

PO Box 1210
FI-00101 Helsinki
Finland

HOME PAGE: http://www.aalto-econ.fi/sarvimaki

Government of the Republic of Finland - VATT Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Arkadiankatu 7
P.O Box 1279
Helsinki, FIN-00531
Finland

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