Historic Sex-Ratio Imbalances Predict Female Participation in the Political Market

13 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2017

See all articles by Iris Grant

Iris Grant

KU Leuven - Department of Economics

Iris Kesternich

KU Leuven - Department of Economics; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Economics

Carina Steckenleiter

University of St. Gallen

Joachim K. Winter

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA); Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Department

Date Written: January 5, 2017

Abstract

We analyze the long-term effects of gender imbalances on female labor force participation, in particular in the politician market, exploiting variation in sex ratios across Germany induced by WWII. In the 1990 elections, women were more likely to run for office in constituencies that had relatively fewer men in 1946.

Keywords: female labor market participation, gender stereotypes, occupational choice

JEL Classification: J16, J24, N44

Suggested Citation

Grant, Iris and Kesternich, Iris and Steckenleiter, Carina and Winter, Joachim K., Historic Sex-Ratio Imbalances Predict Female Participation in the Political Market (January 5, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2896584 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2896584

Iris Grant (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Department of Economics ( email )

Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Iris Kesternich

KU Leuven - Department of Economics ( email )

Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Economics ( email )

Ludwigstrasse 28
Munich, D-80539
Germany

Carina Steckenleiter

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Varnbuelstr. 14
Saint Gallen, St. Gallen CH-9000
Switzerland

Joachim K. Winter

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) ( email )

Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
Munich, DE Bavaria 80539
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

Amalienstrasse 33
Munich, 80799
Germany

Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Department ( email )

PO Box 10 06 02
D60006 Frankfurt
Germany

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