Democracy Aid Eectiveness: Variation Across Regime Types
50 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2017 Last revised: 23 Oct 2018
Date Written: October 2018
Large-N studies suggest that democracy aid is effective, while multiple small-N investigations call such findings into question. This paper accounts for this contradiction and significantly improves our understanding of democracy aid effectiveness by disaggregating democracy aid into specific types and examining effectiveness in different regime types. We argue that a specific type of aid is more likely to be effective when the aid does not pose a threat to regime survival and when the aid matches the particular democratic deficits in a country. Analysis of OECD aid and Varieties of Democracy data for 119 countries from 2002-2012 supports our argument.
Keywords: Democracy aid, democracy assistance, democracy promotion, democratization, electoral authoritarianism, aid effectiveness
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