Prolonging Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Enhanced Hierarchy

International Journal of Environmental and Social Sustainability (IJESS), Vol. 2, March 2016 – February 2017

7 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2017

See all articles by Boselin Prabhu

Boselin Prabhu

VSB College of Engineering

E. Gajendran

Sree Dattha Group of Institutions - Department of Computer Science and Engineering

M. Pradeep

Sasurie Academy of Engineering

Date Written: March 11, 2016

Abstract

One major challenge in a WSN is to produce low cost and tiny sensor nodes. There are an increasing number of small companies producing WSN hardware and the commercial situation can be compared to home computing in the 1970s. Many of the nodes are still in the research and development stage, particularly their software. Also inherent to sensor network adoption is the use of very low power methods for radio communication and data acquisition. In many applications, a WSN communicates with a Local Area Network or Wide Area Network through a gateway. The Gateway acts as a bridge between the WSN and the other network. This enables data to be stored and processed by devices with more resources, for example, in a remotely located server. Each sensor node has a microprocessor and a little amount of memory. Also every sensor node is outfitted with one or more sensing devices such as acoustic sensors, microphone arrays, video cameras, infrared, seismic or magnetic sensors. But it is difficult to replace the deceased batteries of the sensor nodes. A distinctive sensor node consumes a great deal of its energy during wireless communication. This research work suggests the development of a well evaluated distributed clustering scheme for dense wireless sensor network fields, which gives improved performance over the existing clustering algorithm LEACH. The two thrashing concepts behind the proposed scheme are the hierarchical distributed clustering mechanism and the concept of threshold. Energy utilization is appreciably reduced, thereby greatly prolonging the lifetime of the sensor nodes.

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, Sensor Node, Cluster Head, Base Station, Residual Energy, Energy Utilization, Network Lifetime

Suggested Citation

Prabhu, S.R.Boselin and Gajendran, E. and Pradeep, M., Prolonging Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Enhanced Hierarchy (March 11, 2016). International Journal of Environmental and Social Sustainability (IJESS), Vol. 2, March 2016 – February 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2897820

S.R.Boselin Prabhu (Contact Author)

VSB College of Engineering ( email )

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India

E. Gajendran

Sree Dattha Group of Institutions - Department of Computer Science and Engineering ( email )

Hyderabad
India

M. Pradeep

Sasurie Academy of Engineering ( email )

Coimbatore
India

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