The Long-Run Determinants of Indian Government Bond Yields
Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series, No 881
33 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 12, 2017
This paper investigates the long-term determinants of Indian government bonds’ (IGB) nominal yields. It examines whether John Maynard Keynes’s supposition that short-term interest rates are the key driver of long-term government bond yields holds over the long-run horizon, after controlling for various key economic factors such as inflationary pressure and measures of economic activity. It also appraises whether the government finance variable — the ratio of government debt to nominal income — has an adverse effect on government bond yields over a long-run horizon. The models estimated here show that in India, short-term interest rates are the key driver of long-term government bond yields over the long run. However, the ratio of government debt and nominal income does not have any discernible adverse effect on yields over a long-run horizon. These findings will help policymakers in India (and elsewhere) to use information on the current trend in short-term interest rates, the federal fiscal balance, and other key macro variables to form their long-term outlook on IGB yields, and to understand the implications of the government’s fiscal stance on the government bond market.
Keywords: Government Bond Yields, Interest Rates, Monetary Policy, India
JEL Classification: E43, E50, E60, G10, G12, O16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation