Factors Influencing Return Intentions of Malaysia's Professional Diaspora
24 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2017
Date Written: November 30, 2016
The purpose of this research paper is to examine: (i) the pattern of the independent and dependent variables as specified in the theoretical model of return intentions of Malaysia’s professional diaspora; (ii) whether are there any significant differences in return intentions in terms of ethnicity (bumiputra vs. non-bumiputra) and different generations of Malaysia’s diaspora (generation Y vs. non-generation Y); and (iii) whether are there any significant correlations of return intentions of Malaysia’s professional diaspora. Data was collected via online questionnaire using “survey monkey” over a period of two months. A total of 168 skilled professionals participated in the online survey based on “snowball sampling”. The survey findings indicate that Malaysia’s generation Y skilled professional diaspora are more willing to return home to work as compared to their non-generation Y counterparts. In addition, the correlation results suggest that the critical factors that can motivate Malaysia’s skilled professionals to return home to work include better employment conditions, enhanced quality of life, employment or job opportunities, safety and security as well as political stability. Based on the survey results, some of the implications and recommendations for ensuring the success of the brain gain programme in Malaysia are discussed.
Keywords: brain drain, brain gain, diaspora networks, push & pull factors, Talent Corporation and Returning Experts Programme (REP)
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