Factors Influencing Return Intentions of Malaysia's Professional Diaspora

24 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2017  

Quah Chun Hoo

Vinayaka Missions International University College

Siti Rohaida M. Zainal

Universiti Sains Malaysia - School of Management

Guok Eng Chai

GEC Management Consultant

Date Written: November 30, 2016

Abstract

The purpose of this research paper is to examine: (i) the pattern of the independent and dependent variables as specified in the theoretical model of return intentions of Malaysia’s professional diaspora; (ii) whether are there any significant differences in return intentions in terms of ethnicity (bumiputra vs. non-bumiputra) and different generations of Malaysia’s diaspora (generation Y vs. non-generation Y); and (iii) whether are there any significant correlations of return intentions of Malaysia’s professional diaspora. Data was collected via online questionnaire using “survey monkey” over a period of two months. A total of 168 skilled professionals participated in the online survey based on “snowball sampling”. The survey findings indicate that Malaysia’s generation Y skilled professional diaspora are more willing to return home to work as compared to their non-generation Y counterparts. In addition, the correlation results suggest that the critical factors that can motivate Malaysia’s skilled professionals to return home to work include better employment conditions, enhanced quality of life, employment or job opportunities, safety and security as well as political stability. Based on the survey results, some of the implications and recommendations for ensuring the success of the brain gain programme in Malaysia are discussed.

Keywords: brain drain, brain gain, diaspora networks, push & pull factors, Talent Corporation and Returning Experts Programme (REP)

Suggested Citation

Hoo, Quah Chun and M. Zainal, Siti Rohaida and Chai, Guok Eng, Factors Influencing Return Intentions of Malaysia's Professional Diaspora (November 30, 2016). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 09, No. 11, pp. 15-38, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2898376

Quah Chun Hoo (Contact Author)

Vinayaka Missions International University College

Pulau Pinang
Malaysia

Siti Rohaida M. Zainal

Universiti Sains Malaysia - School of Management ( email )

Jalan Sungai Dua
Minden, Penang 11800
Malaysia

Guok Eng Chai

GEC Management Consultant

Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia

Paper statistics

Downloads
26
Abstract Views
46