Evaluation of Clustering Parameters in WSN Fields Using Distributed Zone-Based Approach

Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 43, No. 6, DOI: 10.1520/JTE20140523, Nov. 2015

Posted: 20 Jan 2017

See all articles by Boselin Prabhu

Boselin Prabhu

VSB College of Engineering

S. Sophia

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology

Date Written: Novemeber 2015

Abstract

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a low-powered network formed by the sensor nodes that finds application in civilian, military, visual sense models, and many others. Improved network lifetime is an important task to be achieved by these sensor networks. In this paper, a methodology for evaluation of clustering efficiency, routing efficiency, energy efficiency, and the lifetime of two dense wireless sensor network fields — using a distributed clustering approach, the hybrid energy efficient clustering algorithm (HEECA) — was proposed, which mainly targeted effectively prolonging the lifetime of wireless sensor networks. It is a well-distributed and energy-efficient clustering algorithm that employs three novel techniques: zone based transmission power (ZBTP), routing using distributed relay nodes (DRNs), and rapid cluster formation (RCF). The proposed scheme was compared with two well-evaluated existing distributed clustering algorithms, O-LEACH and HEED. Simulation results clearly showed an excellent improvement in remaining energy, throughput, routing efficiency, and energy efficiency of the entire wireless sensor system. The clustering process was effectively controlled, thereby the number of cluster heads selection and the number of packets delivered to the base station was also found to be effective. Ultimately, the overall lifetime of the wireless sensor network was improved when compared to the two existing distributed clustering algorithms.

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, Distributed Clustering, Distributed Relay Node, Zone Based Transmission Power, Rapid Cluster Formation, Energy Efficiency, Routing Efficiency, Clustering Efficiency, Network Lifetime

Suggested Citation

Prabhu, S.R.Boselin and Sophia, S., Evaluation of Clustering Parameters in WSN Fields Using Distributed Zone-Based Approach (Novemeber 2015). Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 43, No. 6, DOI: 10.1520/JTE20140523, Nov. 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2899035

S.R.Boselin Prabhu (Contact Author)

VSB College of Engineering ( email )

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India

S. Sophia

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology ( email )

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India

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