The Information Doppelgänger in Psychological Warfare

Malekos Smith, Jessica "Zhanna". "The Information Doppelgänger in Psychological Warfare." Real Clear Defense (January 13, 2017).

2 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2017

See all articles by Jessica Zhanna Malekos Smith

Jessica Zhanna Malekos Smith

Duke Law School; Kings College London, Department of War Studies, Students

Date Written: January 13, 2017

Abstract

The Russian military’s conception of psychological operations is eerily similar to Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky’s 1866 novella, The Double. In fact, this story is an insightful teaching device for anyone who wishes to understand Reflexive Control. Reflexive Control is a psychological warfare technique that was developed by the Soviet military to influence enemy commanders in their decision-making processes. To promote an understanding of this technique across the U.S. armed services, this article offers a creative approach.

Keywords: Military Doctrine, Russia, Information Operations, Information Doppelgänger, Soviet Military Doctrine, Reflexive Control, Psychological Operations

Suggested Citation

Malekos Smith, Jessica Zhanna, The Information Doppelgänger in Psychological Warfare (January 13, 2017). Malekos Smith, Jessica "Zhanna". "The Information Doppelgänger in Psychological Warfare." Real Clear Defense (January 13, 2017).. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2899087

Jessica Zhanna Malekos Smith (Contact Author)

Duke Law School ( email )

210 Science Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Kings College London, Department of War Studies, Students ( email )

King's College London, Strand
London, WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom

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