Incumbent Parties, Incumbent MPs and the Effectiveness of Constituency Campaigns: Evidence from the 2015 UK General Election

British Journal of Politics and International Relations

26 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last revised: 15 Jun 2017

Charles Pattie

University of Sheffield

Todd K Hartman

Sheffield Methods Institute

Ron Johnston

University of Bristol - School of Geographical Sciences

Date Written: May 22, 2017

Abstract

Candidates’ local campaign efforts can yield electoral dividends in plurality elections; in general, the harder they campaign, the more votes they receive. However, this is not invariably the case. Different parties’ campaigns can have different effects. What is more, the particular status of a candidacy can also influence how effective the local campaign might be. Analyses of constituency campaigning at the 2015 UK General Election reveal inter-party variations in campaign effectiveness. But looking more closely at how a party was placed tactically in a seat prior to the election, and at whether sitting MPs stood again for their party or retired, reveal distinct variations in what parties stand to gain from their local campaigns in different circumstances.

Keywords: campaigns, spending, incubency

Suggested Citation

Pattie, Charles and Hartman, Todd K and Johnston, Ron, Incumbent Parties, Incumbent MPs and the Effectiveness of Constituency Campaigns: Evidence from the 2015 UK General Election (May 22, 2017). British Journal of Politics and International Relations. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2899931

Charles Pattie (Contact Author)

University of Sheffield ( email )

17 Mappin Street
Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DT
United Kingdom

Todd K Hartman

Sheffield Methods Institute ( email )

219 Portobello Street
The University of Sheffield
Sheffield, S Yorkshire S1 4DP
United Kingdom
+44 114 222 7122 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://tkhartman.staff.shef.ac.uk/

Ron Johnston

University of Bristol - School of Geographical Sciences ( email )

University Road
Bristol BS8 1SS
United Kingdom

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