Oil Price Shocks and Policy Uncertainty: New Evidence on the Effects of US and Non-US Oil Production
38 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 15, 2017
Important interaction has been established for US economic policy uncertainty with a number of economic and financial variables including oil prices. This paper examines the dynamic effects of US and non-US oil production shocks on economic policy uncertainty using a structural VAR model. Such an examination is motivated by the substantial increases in US oil production in recent years with implications for US political and economic security. Positive innovations in US oil production are associated with decreases in US economic policy uncertainty. The economic forecast interquartile ranges about the US CPI and about federal/state/local government expenditures are particularly sensitive to innovations in US oil supply shocks. Shocks to US oil supply disruption causes rises in the CPI forecast uncertainty and accounts for 21% of the overall variation of the CPI forecaster disagreement. Disaggregation of oil production shocks into US and non-US oil production yield novel results. Oil supply shocks identified by US and non-US origins explain as much of the variation in economic policy uncertainty as structural shocks on the demand side of the oil market.
Keywords: US oil production, Economic policy uncertainty, CPI forecast uncertainty, Structural VAR
JEL Classification: E44, G12, Q43
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation