Picture Composition as a Form of Evaluation Leading to Creativity and Innovation Among Candidates and Sustainable Education Development

14 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2017

Date Written: January 16, 2017


Picture composition was long used in evaluating candidates in all levels of learning in system of education in Kenya. The problem nowadays picture composition is not used in evaluating candidates in primary and secondary levels where learners are supposed to be taught skills to analyses and interpret concepts. Picture compositions is a way of setting photographs/ pictures in a series depicting unrevealed information of concept of the phenomena understudy, and candidate/ learner analyses and interpret and write an essay or composition from their comprehension or understanding of the phenomena. The problem is the Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC) does not set the picture composition for candidates in primary and secondary levels and this gives a leeway for candidates to copy from one another similar points. As a consequence when it is detected by KNEC, either the candidate’s results or the school is cancelled. The papers argues if the picture is set it will minimize chances of cheating in English language and the objective of study is to investigate why the setters do not set picture composition in national examination. The paper adopts in-depth interview method to collect data from English language national examination setters from the ten schools in western Kenya, through convenience random sampling. The results are; firstly, candidates are able to give points in essays or composition of two levels of bloom’s taxonomy of knowledge and comprehension that is why candidates/learners cannot retain concepts for long period. Secondly, learners or candidates cannot be able to think and apply, analyze, evaluate, create and innovate from the concepts or tests given. It concluded that learners cannot create and innovate from such learning experiences from the revised bloom’s taxonomy by Lorin Anderson. Therefore it is recommended in 8.4.4 system of education; Kenya national examination setters to change the mode of setting and apply picture composition in English language to enable learners/candidates to be analytical, interpretive and evaluative as a consequence become innovative and creative in their field of study or specialization.

Keywords: Picture composition, Evaluative, Creative, Innovative

Suggested Citation

Okebiro, Gilbert, Picture Composition as a Form of Evaluation Leading to Creativity and Innovation Among Candidates and Sustainable Education Development (January 16, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2900211 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2900211

Gilbert Okebiro (Contact Author)

Kisii University, Students ( email )


Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics