Gender-Differentiated Impacts of Tenure Insecurity on Agricultural Performance in Malawi's Customary Tenure Systems

29 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2017

See all articles by Klaus Deininger

Klaus Deininger

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Fang Xia

University of International Business and Economics (UIBE); World Bank

Stein Holden

Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)

Date Written: January 18, 2017

Abstract

Many African countries rely on sporadic land transfers from customary to statutory domains to attract investment and improve agricultural performance. Data from 15,000 smallholders and 800 estates in Malawi allow exploring the long-term effects of such a strategy. The results suggest that (i) most estates are less productive than smallholders; (ii) fear of land loss, although not exclusively due to estates, is associated with a 12 percent productivity loss for females, which is large enough to finance a low-cost tenure regularization program; and (iii) failure to collect realistic land rents implies public revenue losses of up to US$50 million per year.

Keywords: Agricultural Economics, Gender and Economic Policy, Gender and Economics, Gender and Poverty, Economics and Gender

Suggested Citation

Deininger, Klaus and Xia, Fang and Holden, Stein, Gender-Differentiated Impacts of Tenure Insecurity on Agricultural Performance in Malawi's Customary Tenure Systems (January 18, 2017). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7943, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2901755

Klaus Deininger (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Economics Group (DEC) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/kdeininger

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Fang Xia

University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) ( email )

10, Huixin Dongjie
Changyang District
Beijing, Beijing 100029
China

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Stein Holden

Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) ( email )

As
As
Oslo, Norway, 1432
Norway

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