Natural Fiber Composite Design and Characterization for Limit Stress Prediction in Multiaxial Stress State
Journal of King Saud University – Engineering Sciences (2015) 27, 193–206
14 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2017 Last revised: 3 Aug 2018
Date Written: 2015
This paper focuses on the design of natural fiber composites and analysis of multiaxial stresses in relation to yield limit stresses of composites loaded off the fibers axis. ASTM D638-10 standard for tensile test was used to design and compose composites of plantain fiber reinforced polyester (PFRP). While the rule of mixtures was used in the evaluation of properties of composites in the fiber direction the evaluation of properties perpendicular or transverse to the fiber direction was done based on the value of the orthogonal stresses evaluated using ANSYS finite element software, the application of the Brintrup equation and Halpin–Tai equation. The yield strength for the plantain empty fruit bunch fiber reinforced polyester resin (PEFBFRP) was estimated as 33.69 MPa while the yield strength of plantain pseudo stem fiber reinforced polyester resin (PPSFRP) was estimated as 29.24 MPa. Above all, the PEFBFRP with average light absorbance peak of 45.47 was found to have better mechanical properties than the PPSFRP with average light absorbance peak of 45.77.
Keywords: Multiaxial stresses; Composites; Natural fibers; Yield stress; Plantain fibers
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