Forecast of Forecast: An Analytic Approach to Stressed Impairment Forecasting
23 Pages Posted: 25 Jan 2017 Last revised: 25 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 24, 2017
The new impairment reporting standards require banks to move from incurred loss models to sophisticated macroeconomic based expected credit loss models for current impairment estimation. While the impairments estimation is mainly focused on business as usual macroeconomic projections there is a demand and expectation from regulators that the new impairment models should also be a foundation for the next generation stress tests. The use of impairment models in stressed situations of course have profound implications on banks model, calibration and validation approach. In this paper we propose a relatively simple forecast of forecast approach to stressed impairments estimation. We capture consistently the initial stressed market development (which can for example be a regulatory mandated stress scenario), the bank specific assumptions about new business generated in the initial stress development, and, an estimation of the forward impairment forecast. After an initial motivating example of the forecast of forecast approach using a delinquency state transition model we show how a forecast of forecast approach can be simply implemented using only minor changes to the current impairment models calculation. Especially for state transition models with no or limited state path history tracking which covers the majority of models used by banks in practice.
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