Shades of Gray Deterrence
Journal of Strategic Security, 2017, Forthcoming
27 Pages Posted: 28 Jan 2017 Last revised: 16 Aug 2017
Date Written: August 14, 2017
This article addresses the concept of ‘gray wars’ as it relates to contemporary conflicts and the limits of American conventional deterrence and compellence. It more clearly defines the concept of gray wars for the current era and contrasts Cold War versus post-Cold War gray zone conflicts exposing the limits of current approaches. Finally, the article advocates for a new concept – “gray deterrence” – identifying strategies that can be used by the US to confront ‘gray’ actors in a way that adheres to international laws and norms, but seeks to shape and influence the cost-benefit analysis of ‘gray’ actor behavior.
Keywords: terrorism, gray zone conflict, war, political warfare, deterrence, non-state actors
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