The Trade Origins of Economic Nationalism: Import Competition and Voting Behavior in Western Europe

47 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2017

See all articles by Italo Colantone

Italo Colantone

Bocconi University

Piero Stanig

Bocconi University - DONDENA - Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics

Date Written: January 21, 2017

Abstract

We investigate the impact of globalization on electoral outcomes in fifteen Western European countries, over 1988-2007. We employ both official election results at the district level and individual-level voting data, combined with party ideology scores from the Comparative Manifesto Project. We compute a region-specific measure of exposure to Chinese imports, based on the historical industry specialization of each region. To identify the causal impact of the import shock, we instrument imports to Europe using Chinese imports to the United States. At the district level, a stronger import shock leads to: (1) an increase in support for nationalist parties; (2) a general shift to the right in the electorate; and (3) an increase in support for radical right parties. These results are confirmed by the analysis of individual-level vote choices. In addition, we find evidence that voters respond to the shock in a sociotropic way.

Keywords: Globalization; Nationalism; Radical Right; Economic Vote

Suggested Citation

Colantone, Italo and Stanig, Piero, The Trade Origins of Economic Nationalism: Import Competition and Voting Behavior in Western Europe (January 21, 2017). BAFFI CAREFIN Centre Research Paper No. 2017-49. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2904105 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2904105

Italo Colantone (Contact Author)

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

Piero Stanig

Bocconi University - DONDENA - Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
699
rank
34,890
Abstract Views
2,232
PlumX Metrics