Material Selection and Fluid Flow Analysis of Parallel Flow Heat Exchanger

Archives of Current Research International, Vol. 6(3), p. 1-14, 2016

14 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2017 Last revised: 3 Aug 2018

See all articles by Christian Emeka Okafor

Christian Emeka Okafor

Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Alex Tagbo

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

Obiora Obiafudo

Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Emmanuel Nwadike

Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Date Written: December 1, 2016

Abstract

Aims: To select appropriate material and undertake fluid flow analysis of parallel flow heat exchanger.

Methodology: Dynamic simulation study was performed to evaluate conditions of heat transfer of water through heat exchanger using ASPEN HYSYS. Cambridge Education Selector (CES) Granta software was used to select the suitable candidate materials for the heat exchanger. The properties of the selected materials and fluid characteristics were implemented in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to solve and analyze the fluid flow.

Results: For inner pipe, low alloy steel having maximum thermal conductivity of 55(W/m°C) and specific heat capacity of 530 (J/kg°C) respectively was selected and used. For the outer pipe, cast iron, gray having thermal conductivity of 72 (W/m°C) and specific heat capacity of 495(J/kg°C) passed the selection criteria and was used.The total heat transfer surface area and hydraulic diameter was determined as 0.1341634m2 and 0.481m respectively while the velocity of flow (V) for hot and cold fluid was established as 0.00014518 m/sec and 0.000196817 m/sec respectively.

Conclusion: The material-process decision on a parallel flow heat exchanger design was reduced to trade-off between performance and cost. The data obtained from the experimental record are well matched with computational fluid dynamics simulated values at different mass flow rate.

Keywords: Parallel Flow; CFD; ASPEN HYSYS; Heat Transfer; Fluid Flow

Suggested Citation

Okafor, Christian Emeka and Tagbo, Alex and Obiafudo, Obiora and Nwadike, Emmanuel, Material Selection and Fluid Flow Analysis of Parallel Flow Heat Exchanger (December 1, 2016). Archives of Current Research International, Vol. 6(3), p. 1-14, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2908369

Christian Emeka Okafor (Contact Author)

Nnamdi Azikiwe University ( email )

PMB 5025
DE Anambra State
Nigeria

Alex Tagbo

Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)

Straße des 17
Juni 135
Berlin, 10623
Germany

Obiora Obiafudo

Nnamdi Azikiwe University ( email )

Enugu-Onitsha Expressway
PMB 5025
Awka, DE Anambra State 234
Nigeria

Emmanuel Nwadike

Nnamdi Azikiwe University ( email )

Enugu-Onitsha Expressway
PMB 5025
Awka, DE Anambra State 234
Nigeria

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