A Typology of European Research Universities. Differentiation, Layering and Resource Distribution

38 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2017

See all articles by Benedetto Lepori

Benedetto Lepori

Università della Svizzera italiana

Aldo Geuna

University of Torino - Department Cultures, Politics and Society

Valerio Veglio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS)

Date Written: December 9, 2016

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to develop a theory-based typology of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) based on three dimensions of differentiation, i.e. their activity profile (education vs. research), the subject scope (generalist vs. specialist) and regulatory characteristics which constrain previous two. We examine the financial environment of HEIs as a possible selection mechanism. Particular attention is devoted to the identification of European Research Universities By testing this typology on a large sample of European HEIs, we show systematic differences between types in their activity profile and in the level of funding, therefore providing evidence that types are associated with different market positioning. We identify a small group of research universities, characterized by a high level of research volume and intensity and by a volume of funding far higher than all other HEIs in the sample, suggesting that their emergence is critically linked to the concentration of resources.

Keywords: Academic Research, Higher Education Institutions, Universities, Ranking, Typology, Resource Allocation, Concentration of Resources

JEL Classification: I23, I28, H52

Suggested Citation

Lepori, Benedetto and Geuna, Aldo and Veglio, Valerio, A Typology of European Research Universities. Differentiation, Layering and Resource Distribution (December 9, 2016). SWPS 2017-01, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2909569 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2909569

Benedetto Lepori (Contact Author)

Università della Svizzera italiana ( email )

Via Giuseppe Buffi 13
Lugano, TN Ticino 6900
Switzerland

Aldo Geuna

University of Torino - Department Cultures, Politics and Society ( email )

Lungo Dora Siena 100 A
Torino, 10153
Italy

Valerio Veglio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca - Department of Economics, Management and Statistics (DEMS) ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
Milan, 20126
Italy

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