Profiling and the Essence of the Right to Data Protection

Forthcoming in Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy (eds.: Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene & Evan Selinger)

17 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2017  

Bilyana Petkova

Maastricht University, Department of International and European Law; Yale University - Yale Information Society Project

Franziska Boehm

Independent

Date Written: February 5, 2017

Abstract

First, we review the legislative history of the provision on automated decision-making in the 1995 EU Data Protection Directive (the 1995 Directive), as it was amended in the process of adopting a new EU General Data Protection Regulation that would enter into force in 2018. Next, we discuss profiling in the context of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in Google Spain, Digital Rights Ireland and Schrems cases. We argue that the CJEU might be making a subtle move in its interpretation of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights toward protecting against undesirable profiling measures instead of merely protecting against the identification of an individual. Finally, we bring a few hypotheticals of algorithmic decision-making from the employment context, which illustrate how the relevant legislative framework might be applied.

Keywords: privacy, data protection, CJEU, automated decision-making, profiling, employment context

Suggested Citation

Petkova, Bilyana and Boehm, Franziska, Profiling and the Essence of the Right to Data Protection (February 5, 2017). Forthcoming in Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy (eds.: Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene & Evan Selinger) . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2911894

Bilyana Petkova (Contact Author)

Maastricht University, Department of International and European Law ( email )

Netherlands

Yale University - Yale Information Society Project ( email )

127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

Franziska Boehm

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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