Labor Force Participation of Women in the EU – What Role Do Family Policies Play?

28 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2017

See all articles by Agnieszka Gehringer

Agnieszka Gehringer

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - School of Law, Economics, Social Sciences

Stephan Klasen

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2017

Abstract

We empirically study the role of different family policies in affecting women's labor market behavior in the European Union. Women tend to assume more family duties than men and, consequently, often participate less in the labor market. Family policies aim to support families in general while a particular focus is on helping women to reconcile family duties with labor market participation. Their impact, however, is not clear, especially when it comes to different forms of labor market activity. We use a static and dynamic panel econometric framework examining the link between financial support for four types of family policies and labor force participation as well as (part‐time and full‐time) employment. The results suggest no stable significant impact of expenditures on family policies on overall labor force participation. However, higher spending on family allowance, cash benefits, and daycare benefits appears to promote part‐time employment, whereas only spending on parental leave schemes is a significant positive determinant of women's full‐time employment.

Suggested Citation

Gehringer, Agnieszka and Klasen, Stephan, Labor Force Participation of Women in the EU – What Role Do Family Policies Play? (March 2017). LABOUR, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 15-42, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2912572 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/labr.12085

Agnieszka Gehringer (Contact Author)

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - School of Law, Economics, Social Sciences ( email )

Germany

Stephan Klasen

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

Platz der Goettinger Sieben 3
Goettingen, 37073
Germany
+49-551-397303 (Phone)
+49-551-397302 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: www.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/klasen.html

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
84
PlumX Metrics
!

Under construction: SSRN citations while be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information