The Impact of Mining on Spatial Inequality Recent Evidence from Africa

43 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2017  

Tony Addison

United Nations University

Amadou Boly

African Development Bank

Anthony Mveyange

World Bank

Date Written: February 6, 2017


This paper investigates the relationship between mining and spatial inequality in Africa during 2001-12. The identification strategy is based on a unilateral causation between mining and district inequality. The findings show that when minerals are aggregated, mining increases district inequality. But an analysis of individual minerals shows that mining affects district inequality positively and negatively, suggesting that mineral wealth can be a curse and a blessing. Further analysis suggests that these results largely depend on whether mining is active or closed, the scale of mining operations, the value of minerals extracted, and the nature of mining activities -- important dimensions for shaping mining policies aimed at bolstering socioeconomic development in Africa.

Keywords: Energy and Natural Resources, Social Development & Poverty, Coastal and Marine Resources

Suggested Citation

Addison, Tony and Boly, Amadou and Mveyange, Anthony, The Impact of Mining on Spatial Inequality Recent Evidence from Africa (February 6, 2017). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7960. Available at SSRN:

Tony Addison (Contact Author)

United Nations University ( email )

Katajanokanlaituri 6B
Helsinki, FIN-00160

Amadou Boly

African Development Bank ( email )

Rue Joseph Anoma
Abidjan, Ivory Coast 01 BP 1387
Ivory Coast (Cote D'ivoire)

Anthony Mveyange

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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