38 Pages Posted: 9 Feb 2017
Date Written: February 2017
We report on two experiments investigating whether there is a gender difference in the willingness to compete against oneself (self-competition), similar to what is found when competing against others (other-competition). In one laboratory and one online market experiment, involving a total of 1,200 participants, we replicate the gender-gap in willingness to other-compete but find no evidence of a gender difference in the willingness to self-compete. We explore the roles of risk and confidence and suggest that these factors can account for the different findings. Finally, we document that self-competition does no worse than other-competition in terms of performance boosting.
Keywords: gender, competition, discrimination, experiment
JEL Classification: C90, C91, J16, J71
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Apicella, Coren and Demiral, Elif Ece and Mollerstrom, Johanna, No Gender Difference in Willingness to Compete When Competing Against Self (February 2017). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1638. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2914220